Dementia is defined as a decline in cognitive function—thinking, recalling, and reasoning—to the point where it interferes with a person’s everyday lives and activities. Some dementia patients lose control of their emotions, and their personalities shift.
Here are some of the common signs of Alzheimer’s and dementia that are important to take note of.
Loss of Memory that Is Disruptive to Daily Living
Forgetfulness is commonly connected with dementia and early Alzheimer’s disease. A senior often forgets key dates or events, or repeatedly requests the same information. For activities they used to undertake on their own, they may become increasingly reliant on family members or reminder notes.
Difficulties with Solving Problems or Planning
It is not uncommon for us to require a little additional help with new activities as we get older, such as learning how to operate a smartphone. However, a senior with dementia may find it difficult to follow directions, such as those in recipes. Alternatively, they may have difficulty with numbers, such as keeping track of monthly expenses.
Challenges in Carrying Out Familiar Tasks
When routine, diurnal tasks become difficult to carry out, it is a sign that a senior could be developing dementia. For instance, they may struggle with driving a car, doing their laundry, or using a phone.
Confusion with Place and Time
It is normal to get confused with the days of the week. A senior with dementia, on the other hand, has difficulty keeping track of seasons, dates, or the general passage of time.
Difficulties in Understanding Spatial Relationships and Visual Images
Vision difficulties that are not brought about by age-related issues like cataracts can potentially be a sign of dementia. Gauging distance, reading words, and identifying color or contrast may be challenging for a senior with dementia.
Newly-Arising Issues with Language and Grammar in Writing and Speaking
While it’s common to have difficulties finding the perfect word now and then, a senior with dementia may find it difficult to express or explain anything. They give things incorrect names. Dementia-affected seniors frequently find it difficult to engage in conversation.
Misplacing Belonging and Not Being Able to Retrace One’s Steps
Another red flag is losing track of time. A senior may store goods in unexpected locations, such as the television remote in the refrigerator. They may find it difficult to retrace their steps in order to locate misplaced belongings. They may also start accusing others of stealing.
Poor or Decreased Judgment
It is possible that you will notice a senior’s incapacity to make sound judgments. They may, for example, not groom themselves on a regular basis or make poor financial decisions.
Withdrawal from Social Activities or Work
A senior with dementia is likely to cease doing things they used to love. They may also avoid going out with friends and socializing.
Significant Changes in Personality or Mood
A person with dementia may appear to have a totally unfamiliar personality. They may randomly appear nervous, scared, sad, skeptical, or perplexed. They can also be easily irritated at home or when they are out of their element.